Could the South Have Won?
By Christopher Perello
Four major events turned 4 July 1863—for decades afterward commonly referred to in the North as “The Glorious Fourth”—into a turning point of the Civil War. At Helena, Arkansas, a small battle with large implications saw the bloody repulse of a Confederate attack. Half a state away, the almost bloodless Union conquest of central Tennessee ended with an ignominious Confederate retreat into northeast Georgia…
The US Military’s
Attack Helicopter Controversy
By Jim Bloom
During the first half of World War II, German success with combat air support (CAS) for its ground force attracted the attention of the US Army, which published FM 31-35 Aviation in Support of Ground Forces, in April 1942. That doctrinal statement defined close air support as direct aerial battlefield action in support of ground forces. Interdiction was the term applied to similar actions when conducted beyond friendly artillery range. Air superiority was an entirely separate mission…
The Battle of Peleliu
By John Walker
For 72 days in late 1944 over 17,000 Marines from 1st Marine Division, along with 11,000 soldiers from the Army’s 81st Infantry Division, fought a vicious battle of attrition against 14,000 Japanese defenders for control of a tiny coral island in the Southwest Pacific called Peleliu. The bitter fighting there – both sides coveted its airfield – became the costliest of any of the Pacific War’s many amphibious landings to date in terms of men and material. . .
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