On the misty, rain-soaked morning of 17 June 1877, 106 troopers of Troops F and G, 1st US Cavalry, and 11 civilian volunteers, cautiously descended White Bird Canyon. Leading the column was Capt. David Perry, who had orders to bring the “non-tre ...

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The eleven hundred year history of the Eastern Roman or Byzantine Empire (337-1453) includes the exploits of many memorable military units, none more celebrated than the Varangian Guard. Referred to by Greek sources as “axe-bearing barbarians,” ...

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The English army of Edward II marched into Scotland in 1314 to lift the siege of Stirling Castle. Pursuing a Scottish reconnaissance force into the open valley of Bannock Burn in the afternoon of 23 April, the vanguard cavalry espied Scotland's ...

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Distinguished as the world’s first three-engine aircraft, the Italian Caproni Bomber played a key role in the development of strategic air bombardment and the Air Service of the American Expeditionary Forces (AEF) during World War I. On 1 Novemb ...

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The successful implementation of firearms in early modern armies is a development that has sparked much debate, some even going so far as to describe this happening as a “military revolution,” especially in European military history circles. Whe ...

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The Chechen capital of Grozny awoke to a Russian bombardment on 31 December 1994. Four columns of Russian armor and infantry flooded the city, igniting one of the most brutal urban battles since the end of World War II. Despite being outnumbered ...

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